Australian almond industry study tour of Spain (AL13701)
What was it all about?
This project funded a study trip in May and June 2014, to learn from a range almond production practices in Spain with a view to strengthening the Australian almond industry. Following rapid expansion of almond production in the mid-2000s, large portions of the industry will require replanting at a similar time, beginning in around a decade from the time of the study. To ensure the ongoing viability and profitability of the almond industry in Australia, it is important that well informed decisions are made about new orchards and production systems.
The study trip itinerary showcased aspects of production overseas including:
- Three types of dwarfing Prunus rootstocks
- Alternative tree training systems
- Increased planting densities
- Improved plant propagation techniques
- Alternative harvest systems.
Participants benefited from learning about all of these aspects of production including that:
- Rootstocks are available for alternative production systems
- It is critical to match the scion growth habit with a dwarfing rootstock in a high or super high density planting for vigour and development of fruiting spurs
- Specialist nurseries with tissue culturing and micro-grafting capabilities are available in South Australia
- Shake and catch harvesting techniques pose opportunities as well as challenges
- Shake and catch harvesting machinery should be adapted to suit tree architecture.
This project has been funded by Hort Innovation
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