Management of six-spotted mite in WA avocado orchards – phase 2 (AV19002)
What’s it all about?
This investment is delivering effective options for the integrated pest management (IPM) of six-spotted mite in avocado orchards. Beginning in 2019, it follows previous levy-funded project Pest status and management of six-spotted mite (Eotetranychus sexmaculatus) in WA avocado orchards (AV15012), which sought to assist growers in monitoring mite populations and implementing appropriate management techniques, as well as investigating the role that predatory mites could play during production. The project team produced the Monitoring for six-spotted mite in avocado orchards guide and laid the groundwork for this phase two investment to further industry understanding of how to manage the pest.
In order to develop a comprehensive IPM plan for growers – which will be extended via demonstration sites, online materials and articles in the levy-funded Talking Avocados – the research team will be investigating:
- The use of mass-reared predatory mites as a form of six-spotted mite management
- The role of naturally occurring predatory mites
- The relationship between tree health, mite numbers and leaf fall
- Chemical application recommendations based on resistance management, impact of chemicals on beneficial species, and the impact that timing and/or application methods have on the level of pest mite control.
The project’s first spring in 2020 allowed for many of the targeted field trials and intensive monitoring activities to take place.
Initial results showed a high degree of variability in six-spotted mite (SSM) numbers at all orchard levels – from within trees to between trees, between blocks and between orchards – highlighting the need for growers to closely monitor their orchards. The data collated will be further analysed over the coming months.
The project team are working closely with other local and international researchers, including two pest management-related projects in the Hort Innovation Avocado Fund: Review and extension of avocado pests and their management (AV19001) and Monitoring avocado quality in retail (AV19003).
While COVID-19 restrictions impacted some planned international travel, alternate strategies were put in place and the affected work is now progressing well.
The team’s results and insights have been shared with industry via a grower day presentation and an article that will be published shortly in the Talking Avocados magazine. Information will continue to be shared as work progresses.
This project is a strategic levy investment in the Hort Innovation Avocado Fund